The Japanese have a weakness for words like "soul" and "spirit.
Soul is best translated as "spirit" in Japanese, but spirit has feelings, intentions, thoughts, etc., not only for humans, but also for animals such as dogs and cats, which we make full use of in living in this world.
- Spirit = Emotion + Will + Thinking
So when you sing "soulful" you are singing "with emotion", but I think the general public often describes this as "soulful".
Well, it's better to say "soul" because it has the impact of emitting a greater transcendent power, but a similar unknown lineage of words is "spirit".
The reason why the word "spirit" is stronger than "I'll do my best" is because the word "spirit" has an invisible power that has come back from the other world.
- Japanese people have a weakness for spiritual words like spirit and soul.
In recent years, spiritual businesses such as power stones and other spiritual businesses, as well as private medicine and hand therapy that are not based on scientific evidence, have become rampant, because Japanese people don't have the opportunity to think seriously about spirits and souls.
In Japan, Shintoism is an indigenous belief that seeks to sense and absorb the spiritual spirit from the eight million gods that reside in the natural world, such as mountains and rivers, and it is also known that the spirits of ancestors return to this world every year during the Obon Festival in mid-August.
Nevertheless, I think the reason why Japanese people tend to fall for businesses that sell the words "spirit" or "soul" is because of their lack of faith and non-religiousness.
The elements that make up a human being in terms of Christian values
In Christian values, the human being is made up of three elements, Body, Soul (spirit) and Spirit (soul).
Furthermore, as an idiom based on an ancient Roman poem, "A sound mind in a sound body." If we define the intellectual workings of the mind as the mind, then the human being is composed of the following elements
- English：Human being = Body + Mind + Soul + Spirit
- Indonesia：Manusia = Tubuh + Jiwa + Hati + Roh
In the Old Testament, God created the heavens and the earth in six days, kneaded the earth to make a human body, and gave life to Adam by breathing the soul into him.
When Japanese people who are unfamiliar with religious values hear the word "soul," what they imagine is the worldview of Gegege's Kitaro, in which only the soul leaves the body and wanders through the air after death, but my wife, who is a Christian, believes that the soul is a fundamental human being.
The Indonesian word tubuh is the visible body itself, and jiwa consists of emosi (emotion), kehendak (will), and pikiran (thought), and not only humans but also animals such as dogs and cats have jiwa (life).
But only humans have ROH (soul), the eternal and supreme transcendent being that God made man to be, and apparently that's why one can sense that God does indeed exist, even though one can't be or meet him.
Unfortunately, as a non-religious Japanese, it's a worldview that I don't understand.