Organization conducting corruption investigations in Indonesia
My wife said that it took a lot of time to extend KTP (Kartu Tanda Pendududuk resident registration card) in 2011.
Sure enough, corruption allegations are boiling over that 2.3 triliun (19.1 billion yen), or 38% of the 6 triliun (Rp 6,000,000,000,000 = 50 billion yen) of the national budget, may have gone into the pockets of those involved, with the ICW (Indonesia Corruption Watch) calling on KPK (Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi) to investigate the money laundering TPPU (Tindak Pidana Pencucian Uang) and corporate crime (Pidana Korporasi).
In fact, the KPK audits and investigates the accounts and budgets of the national and local governments and government agencies in Indonesia, monitors corruption to prevent it from occurring, investigates cases of suspected corruption, and prosecutes and arrests cases of corruption.
- BPK (Badan Pemeriksa Keuangan) Board of Audit => Audit
- BPKP (Badan Pengawasan Keuangan dan Pembangunan) Finance and Development Supervision Agency⇒Audit
- PPATK (Pusat Pelaporan dan Analisis Transaksi Keuangan) Financial Transaction Report Analysis Center⇒Investigation
- ICW (Indonesia Corruption Watch) corruption watchdog => surveillance
- Polri (Kepolisian Republik Indonesia) Police => Investigation and Prosecution
- Kejaksaan Prosecution⇒Investigation and prosecution
- KPK (Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi) Corruption Eradication Commission⇒Investigation and prosecution
It's not related to KPK, but there are many abbreviations in Indonesian language, such as KPR (Kredit Pemilikan Rumah Housing Loan), KPA (Kredit Pemilikan Apartemen Apartment Loan), KPU (Komisi Pemilihan Umum General Election Commission), PKP (Penghasilan Kena Pajak Taxable Income), etc., so if you use KPK as KPA or KPA wrongly when you are talking about a political topic like corruption case, Indonesians will look suspicious.
The 19.1 billion yen seems to be the highest amount KPK has ever handled in the history of corruption investigations, and it must have been systematically and slowly disbursed from 2011 to 2017 in order to be traced back.
In spite of the fact that Indonesia's national budget is audited by the BPK (Badan Pemeriksa Keuangan) and the BPKP (Badan Pengawasan Keuangan dan Pembangunan), the Finance and Development Supervisory Agency, and the PPATK (Pusat Pelaporan dan Analisis Transaksi Keuangan), an independent agency that aims to prevent and combat money laundering crimes, there is some criticism of its ability to do its job and let such a huge amount of money flow out of the country go unnoticed.
The Role of KPK
While Indonesian law is also divided into criminal law (Hukum Pidana), which deals with crimes (Pidana), and civil law (Hukum Perdata), which deals with civil law (Perdata), KPK is an independent body (Lembaga Independen) originally established under the Anti-Corruption Act of 1999, and has the power to carry out its own investigations and prosecutions (bringing to justice), originally carried out by the prosecution (Kejaksaan), for allegations that are suspected to involve legislative, executive and judicial bodies.
The KPK, which has been watching over the country to eradicate corruption, has recently gained a bad reputation due to a decline in its investigative capacity and a fight with the Indonesian National Police Polri (Kepolisian Republik Indonesia) over the right to exercise its power to investigate corruption, and the unfortunate news that the Minister of Interior (Menteri dalam negeri) mistakenly wrote on letterhead addressed to the KPK Komisi Perlindungan Korupsi (Corruption Protection Commission), whether intentionally or not.
The staff member in charge was, of course, fired.