Construction of the second phase of the MRT subway begins.
In Jakarta, the first section of the MRT metro (15.7 km in total) was officially opened in April 2019, but in June this year, in the midst of the corona pandemic, the 6.3 km from Bendaran HI station in front of Plaza Indonesia, the current starting station, to Kota in North Jakarta, West Construction has begun on the second phase of the 5.2km total length of 11.5km (10 new stations) to Ancol's train depot in Jakarta.
The geology around Thamrin station, which is to be built in front of the Hotel Sari Pan Pacific, is softer and the risk of land subsidence is higher than in the first phase, so the Tugu Jam Thamrin Clock Tower (Tugu Jam Thamrin) will be moved to Taman Banten Park.
As there are many cultural heritage sites (cagar budaya) along the route, it is said that sufficient simulation is necessary before construction of the subway to avoid damage.
The first phase of the route, which is already in operation, runs from Central Jakarta to South Jakarta, an area that has been undergoing urban development, while the second phase, which runs through the old town of North and West Jakarta, passes through the old city, so it is a transit-oriented urban development (Transit) that combines the old and the new.
Oriented Development (TOD) is expected in this region.
And as Indonesia plans to begin the process of relocating its capital, Jakarta, to East Kalimantan province in 2024, government facilities along the second phase of the route, including the presidential palace, will be turned into reserves and museums, potentially turning Jakarta into a global tourist destination that pushes the city's historical appeal.
Jakarta's attraction is to experience the ongoing economic development
With the world's fourth-largest population of 270 million, nearly 50% of which is young, Indonesia is one of the countries with the highest potential economic growth rate.
Until a few years ago, if you asked Japanese people about Indonesia, the only person they knew about was former First Lady Devi Sukarno.
As a person who works in Indonesia, I am happy to see that the country is now attracting attention from an economic standpoint as well, as it has the largest population in Southeast Asia with potential for economic development.
In addition to the MRT construction, the construction of high-rise buildings, the elevation and underpassing of main roads are progressing at a rapid pace, and Jakarta has the potential to grow into a central hub of the Southeast Asian economy in the future, so you can feel the dynamism of history moving day by day, and I think the appeal of Jakarta is that you can experience the ongoing economic development of Asia.
The fact that the MRT station, including the station building, was built by Japanese general contractors such as Sumitomo Mitsui Construction, Shimizu Construction, and Obayashi Corporation seems to have had an impact on the station, but the area around the MRT station feels like a private railway station in the Kanto suburbs (personally, I have an image of the Tobu Tojo Line).
In order for Jakarta to develop into a functional and livable city as a social, environmental, and economic space cohesion, it is said that reducing traffic congestion and preventing flooding are key issues.
The Kereta Rel Listrik (KRL) train, the Light Rail Transit (LRT), the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT), the Airport Railway KA (Kreta Api Bandara), and the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) to relieve chronic congestion between urban and suburban residential areas.
The problem of flooding due to land subsidence is being addressed by creating a water source area in the mountains upstream of Jakarta, a buffer area as an intermediate catchment area, a downstream cultivation area, and an aquaculture protection area in the coastal area, and strengthening flood control by creating water storage areas.
It is a very valuable experience to be able to develop an IT business in the current capital city of Jakarta (based in West Bekasi).
The year 2030, 10 years from now, when it is said that Indonesia will overtake Japan's nominal GDP, will probably be the time when the results of Indonesia's national policy of striving for economic development through public-private partnership will be seen.