Information warfare on SNS in Indonesia’s presidential election

Social media activist arrested in connection with presidential election

On May 26, Mustofa Naflawardaya, the IT support coordinator (Koordinator Relawan IT) and social media activist (Pegiat media sosial) of Mr.Prabowo’s camp’s election task force (Badan Pemenangan Nasional = BPN), was arrested on suspicion of violating the Information and Electronic Commerce Act and other charges for disseminating fake news (Hoaks in English, Hoax) on Twitter.

He tweeted that a 15-year-old boy was beaten to death by security forces inside a mosque in Kubong Jluk, West Jakarta, but the person who was actually beaten by security forces in the video was not the boy but one of the rioters in front of Bawaslu (Badan Pengawas Pemilihan Umum), and the scene of the incident was also in the parking lot next to the mosque, which is said to be part of an information war to undermine security forces (Aparat Keamanan) and gain public sympathy for the protests.

This is a person who was interrogated by the Cybercrime Investigation Agency (Direktorat Tindak Pidana Siber Badan Reserse Krimina (Bareskrim) for spreading fake news that the Lion Air 610, which took off from Soekarno-Hatta Airport and crashed into the Java Sea last October, “landed safely at Halim Perdana Kusuma”.

Conspiracy theories over the deaths of more than 550 staff members during vote counting operations

There was also a lot of speculation and conspiracy theories about the deaths of more than 550 polling staff of the Kelompok Penyelenggara Pemungutan Suara (KPPS), the polling steering committee.

It is not clear how many of the deceased staff members died of heart failure, stroke, respiratory failure, meningitis, sepsis, etc., but it is said that most of the election staff members who were hospitalized due to fatigue and stress were said to have been working for more than 24 hours in a row, and I think the truth is that there were many deaths due to overwork and illness during the vote counting process.

In this election, other than the permanent vice president, there was the election of DPR (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat), DPRD (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah), DPRD kelas I (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah Provinsi), DPRD kelas II (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah kabupaten/kota), DPRD kelas II (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah kabupaten/kota).

Fake news in the wake of the presidential election

Many of the fake news that have flown on Indonesian social networking sites seem to undermine Mr. Jokowi’s camp, but there have also been hoaxes that if Mr. Prabowo is elected president, Indonesia will radicalize Islam and become a caliphate (a caliph elected from the Islamic community under Islamic law and governed by a single law over all territories under its rule under the head of a caliph).

In any case, this presidential election has made the word “Hoaks” (Hoax in English) very much in place in Indonesia.

  • The Prabowo-Sandi team has won in Metro TV’s click-count calculation (a private agency’s preliminary election report).

It appears that a technical error in the graph on the screen has been faked, but a quick count reported by Metro TV showed Jokowi-Maluf’s favor, while the graph showed Prabowo-Sandy’s favor.

By the way, the owner of Metro TV, Suria Paro, is the biggest supporter of Jokowi, and this graph of Prabowo-Sandi’s dominance was circulated on social networking sites.

  • The Prabowo-Sandi team has won at 6,000 TPS (TPS) in Bekasi County.

A hoax was spread on Twitter that the Prabowo-Sandi clan won a landslide victory with over 70% of the votes in over 6,000 polling stations in Bekasi County, but according to the official report of the Bekasi Municipal Election Commission, the total number of polling stations in Bekasi is 3,030 instead of 6,000.

  • The ballot paper for Kalimas in Surabaya has already been punched for candidate No. 1 (Jokowi-Maluf pair) .

In the nearly one-minute video, an official from the polling steering committee KPPS (Kelompok Penyelenggara Pemungutan Suara) said that about five ballot papers distributed to polling stations in Surabaya were in fact damaged and were properly dealt with by the supervisor.

  • Vice presidential candidate Sandiagauno was ousted by Prabowo for not agreeing to the declaration.

Numerous speculations surfaced over the failure of Vice Presidential candidate Sandiaga to be present during the declaration of victory by candidate Prabowo after the April 17 polls. He was ousted because he disagreed with the victory proclamation, he was purposely absent to maintain a clean image in anticipation of the presidential election in five years, etc., but it has been announced that it was actually due to poor health.

  • A quick count (election bulletin by a private agency) is a type of election fraud.

It is alleged that a quick count by a private survey company (Libang Kompas, Indo Barometer, LSI Denny JA, Median, Kedai Kopi) deliberately counted certain candidates (election bulletins based on exit polls) and that the polling stations that were counted were also deliberately used only at selected locations, amounting to fraud.

Of course in the actual counting of the ballots the General Election Commission (KPU) counts the votes collected from all polling stations in Indonesia, but KPU chairman Arif Budiman said the quick count results are not the official results of the election and the private investigative agency should clearly announce the percentage of the sample taken from the figures raised.

  • The Prabowo-Sandiaga team overwhelmingly won the TPS exit poll in Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand.

The actual exit polls at overseas polling stations (Hasil Exit Poll TPS2 di Luar Negeri) show Jokowi-Maluf winning in some cases and Prabowo-Sandiaga buying in others, so the overwhelming victory seems to have been a fake.