Adenium, which is mistaken for a miniature version of frangipani

Frangipani and adenium are not similar plants

The frangipani is considered to be the symbolic flower of Bali as it is often attached to canang, a Hindu offering in Bali, but many Japanese call it plumeria as it belongs to the Plumeria genus and is called Cambodia's flower (Bunga Kamboja) in Indonesia.

However, in Java, Bunga Kamboja, with its white flowers and thick dark green leaves, is often found in graveyards and is sometimes even called the 'Flower of the Dead' (Bunga Orang Mati), which does not seem to have a very auspicious image.

The frangipani tree at the neighboring Summarecon mall (left) and the frangipani cuttings in our yard (right)

The frangipani is native to South America and not of Cambodian origin. However, in ancient times, people often planted them around cemeteries to provide shade for their tall growth, and it is believed that the flowers that fell on their graves carried magical and mystical energy.

Whenever I hear this anecdote, I am reminded of the story by Motojiro Kajii: "Under the cherry tree, there are dead bodies buried! The idea that the cherry blossoms bloom so beautifully because they must be absorbing nutrients from the corpse is a unique Asian idea, I think, in that it seeks a mystique about death.

Adenium is native to the arid region, so I keep it on our hottest upstairs balcony.

And the plant that looks like a miniature frangipani and can be planted like a bonsai is called Japanese frangipani in English, but in Indonesia it is called kamboja Jepang (Cambodia in Japan) and is classified in the genus adenium, so it is directly called adenium.

Adenium derives its name from the Yemeni port city of Aden, and is native to the arid regions of Africa and the Arabian peninsula, where its tubers have the ability to store water, so the term "miniature version of frangipani" is a misnomer, as it has very different characteristics from the frangipani, which is in the genus Plumeria.

In Indonesia there is a stereotypical idea of naming the big ones Bangkok (Bangkok) and the small ones Jepang (Japan), for example, the big durian is called Durian Bangkok, the big, feisty chicken for cockfighting is called ayam Bangkok, and the frangipani A miniature version of adenium is called kamboja Jepang, and women's sanitary napkins are sometimes called roti Jepang (Japanese bread).

Adeniums are prone to pests.

One of the top three spider mite prone plants we grow is the adenium, and when I check the leaves when I feel they are yellow and listless, I find spider threads near the base of the leaves and black spots of mites on the underside of the leaves, so I spray the affected area with an insecticide (anti hama), scrape it off with my finger and then wipe it off with a wet wipe.

Unlike frangipani, adeniums have trumpet-shaped flowers with a hollow center.

Adeniums are known as 'desert roses' by nature and are often placed on sunny balconies or by pools, where they can be scorched by direct sunlight in the daytime, but they have a habit of trying to store water and nutrients in their tubers, so if you water and fertilize them too much because of the dryness, the tuber itself will rot and soften.



It's often said in accounting that "profit and depreciation create cash," meaning that there are two sources of cash for a company: profit and depreciation.


There are few cases of cost accounting (actual cost) business, which calculates how much cost is spent on monthly production, being systematized in Indonesia.


In Jakarta, the first section of the MRT metro (15.7 km in total) was officially opened in April 2019, but in June this year, in the midst of the corona pandemic, the 6.3 km from Bendaran HI station in front of Plaza Indonesia, the current starting station, to Kota in North Jakarta, West Construction has begun on the second phase of the 5.2km total length of 11.5km (10 new stations) to Ancol's train depot in Jakarta.


The Jokowi administration, which came to power in 2014, is said to be a staunch supporter of China, and in 2015, China and Japan fought for the Jakarta-Bandung High Speed Rail project, which was expected to be introduced under the Japanese bullet train system, but the Indonesian government rejected the Japanese plan and adopted the Chinese plan.

大統領選挙で考えたギャップにハマるということ 5

Jokowi's image of a simple uncle with no selfishness and his strong leadership skills as a pragmatist have won over the gap-loving Indonesians, who see him as an ordinary person at first glance but are actually amazing, and the public seems to be in a state of collective hypnosis.

情報共有 6

The sharing of visible results leads to a common recognition of the problems, but if there are people who are troubled because the scarcity of information is diminished by the increasing sharing, the political power to increase the position by monopolizing useful information is at work.


In "The Garuda Merchant," written by Yusuke Fukada, a bible-like novel for Japanese living in Indonesia, there is an account of a senior official of the Indonesian Ministry of Religious Affairs inviting Japanese and Indonesians to his home, in which he writes on the invitation card for Indonesians that the party should start thirty minutes early, on the assumption that they will be late.

宗教によって異なる「死んだらどうなる」の考え方 8

Both Christianity and Islam are religions derived from Judaism and believe in the one and only God, Jesus Christ (God Himself) or Allah, respectively.

株価操作なんてインドネシア株では当たり前 9

Stock prices fluctuate with sell and buy orders, and if you get a lot of sell orders and a lot of buy orders, the other investors will follow suit with "me too" and the stock will go up.

心臓に毛が生えたインドネシア人のずうずうしい転職活動を応援してみた 10

Since many Indonesians can't maintain mental stability without revealing a secret story to someone else.

日系企業のインドネシアでの存在意義 11

If Japan's population continues to decline at the current rate, domestic demand will continue to shrink, and if this happens, it is inevitable that domestic companies that find it difficult to survive in the Japanese domestic market alone will look for ways to make a living in overseas markets.

チャンスはあるが勝てる分野が 12

After living in Indonesia, talking to people on my own, and gradually understanding the local situation, I realized that starting a business in Indonesia is surprisingly difficult. The reason for the difficulty is the high shipping costs and tariffs, the competition from local companies, and the high running costs of IMTA and DPKK.

インドネシアのシステムインテグレーション業界 13

The other day, I had the opportunity to exchange opinions with JETRO (Japan External Trade Organization) about IT investment by Indonesian SMEs, and they raised an important issue related to the existence value of system integrators, such as "How can we explain the cost benefits of system investment?

肉体と精神と心と魂 14

Speaking of "Body and Soul," it's the debut song of SPEED, a member of the LDP's House of Councillors, Eriko Imai, who was unofficially appointed as parliamentary secretary of the Cabinet Office following yesterday's cabinet reshuffle, and the name of a long-established Indonesian women's fashion brand.

ジャカルタのラーメン市場 15

I came to Indonesia for the first time in October 1997. I didn't understand Indonesian, my job was hard, the people around me were unreasonable, and there was a time when I wanted to go back to Japan for a while.

ブランド力、技術力、資金力の3要素 16

After the Jakarta riots of 1998, when the rupiah plummeted and domestic companies with foreign dollar-denominated debt were struggling to pay interest, I was looking for a new business in Indonesia that would allow me to earn foreign currency.

日本とインドネシアの間でのタイムマシン経営が通じなくなっている件 17

I think that Yoshinoya overcame the frame of Japanese food and became Indonesian soul food. I am happy to see the scene where Japanese food culture is accepted by Indonesian people.

サリナデパートとマクドナルド 18

The first McDonald's in Indonesia, Sarinah Department Store, will close after today, May 10.
While Jakarta's shopping malls continue to be modernized with new concepts, the Sarinah department store and the Pasaraya in Block M, which were the staple meeting places for young people when I first arrived in Indonesia more than 20 years ago, have been completely left behind.

不景気の歴史 19

Since I came to Indonesia, I have seen the economic recession several times, but because of the spread of the new coronavirus this time, the economy will definitely go into recession, and in a few years' time it may be called corona shock or corona recession.

日本のバブル経済崩壊後とインドネシアの通貨危機後 20

When I entered university in 1991, at the end of the bubble economy, land and stock prices were exploding, Mitsubishi Estate had bought the Rockefeller Center Building, a symbol of America, and the women of the one-length body-con (like the Bubbly Dance of Tomigaoka High School's dance club) were dancing at Juliana Tokyo in the waterfront bay area, waving their fans.

内需と外需の自国経済に及ぼす影響 21

The situation in Japan is that even if public works investment is made, the money stays in the savings of companies and individuals, and domestic consumption does not increase, while the situation in Indonesia is that even if domestic consumption increases, the ratio of imported consumer materials is high, and domestic assets are flowing out to foreign countries.

2019年の総選挙を前にインドネシア政治史のおさらい 22

As the campaign (Kampanye) for next year's presidential election (Pemilu Pilpres Pileg Indonesia 2019) is lifted, it has been decided that the order in which the ballot papers will be printed will be No. 1 for the incumbent President Jokowi and Vice President Mahuru candidate pair and No. 2 for President Prabowo and Vice President Sandiagauno candidate pair.

インドネシアの国土と風土が生み出す産地特有のコーヒー 23

Located in the coffee belt between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Cancer, Indonesia is a country suitable for coffee cultivation, and during the 300 years of Dutch colonial rule that followed the advance of the East India Company in 1602, Arabica coffee was brought to the country and cultivation began in the plateau region with a favorable climate.

インドネシア人の悪魔祓い 24

My cousin, who hadn't heard from me in a while, called me late last year in early December with tears in her eyes.